ITCA: Inter-Thread Conflict-Aware CPU Accounting for CMPs

Carlos Luque, Miquel Moreto, Francisco J. Cazorla, Roberto Gioiosa, Alper Buyuktosunoglu and Mateo Valero

Chip-MultiProcessor (CMP) architectures introduce complexities when accounting CPU utilization. This is due to the fact that the progress done by a process during an interval of time highly depends on the activity of the other processes it is co-scheduled with. In this paper, we identify how an inaccurate measurement of the CPU utilization affects several key aspects of the system like the process scheduling or the charging mechanism in data centers. We propose a new hardware CPU accounting mechanism to improve the accuracy when measuring the CPU utilization in chip multiprocessors and compare it with the previous accounting mechanisms. Our results show that currently known mechanisms lead to a 19% average error when it comes to CPU utilization accounting. Our proposal reduces this error to less than 1% in a modeled 4-core processor system.

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